COVID Behind Bars Data Project

We collect and analyze public information about the coronavirus pandemic in prisons, jails, youth facilities, and immigration detention centers across the United States. Our centralized source of data enables greater oversight of and accountability for carceral institutions’ responses to the pandemic behind bars. We also record legal and community responses to the crisis, including mass releases, legal filings, court orders, and organizing efforts.

Since the start of the pandemic, prisons and ICE detention centers across the U.S. have reported at least:


total cumulative cases among incarcerated people


total cumulative deaths among incarcerated people


total cumulative cases among staff


total cumulative deaths among staff

Showing in carceral facilities

Each spike represents the number of incarcerated people who have tested positive for COVID-19




This map displays COVID-19 cases and related deaths of people incarcerated in prisons and jails across the US. Click on a state to access more data.

This map displays reported COVID-19 cases and related deaths of people incarcerated in carceral facilities across the US. Click on a state to access more data.

Rates and active cases are not available for all facilities. Learn why.

Facilities with the highest

Cumulative CasesActive CasesCumulative DeathsTests
FacilityCountPer 10kCountPer 10kCountPer 10kCountPer 10k

Los Angeles Jails



Maricopa County Jail



Charles E Egeler Reception And Guidance Center



Avenal State Prison



Substance Abuse Treatment Facility



COVID-19 Vaccines in State and Federal Prisons

This table reflects data publicly reported by state and federal correctional agencies about the administration of COVID-19 vaccines to incarcerated people and staff in their facilities. The data reported here generally refer to people who have received at least one dose of a vaccine. There are some exceptions, noted with a flag, when agencies report only the number of people who have completed their vaccination schedules, and not the number of people partially vaccinated. Staff are generally not required to report their vaccination status to their employers, so the total numbers of staff who are vaccinated may be higher.

View our data on Github
JurisdictionVaccination Rate for Incarcerated PeopleVaccination Rate for Staff Members

November 23rd, 2021

“Horrible here”: how systemic failures of transparency have hidden the impacts of COVID-19 on incarcerated women

In this report, we highlight trends from inside women’s prisons during the pandemic and draw attention to the lack of transparency from carceral agencies regarding COVID-19 in their women’s facilities. By sharing personal accounts drawn from the first-person oral history archive created by UCI PrisonPandemic, we also seek to elevate the voices and experiences of some of the women behind the data we present.

November 17th, 2021

COVID-19 vaccination data in California jails: lessons from an imperfect model

California is one of only three states where a state agency, the California Board of State and Community Corrections (BSCC), has been tasked with collecting, aggregating, and reporting COVID-19 data from local jails. However, the BSCC's data are missing key information, such as the numbers of incarcerated people and staff who have been vaccinated. In this report, the Covid In-Custody Project shares some of its primary concerns with the BSCC's data collection efforts and with the vaccination data the project has collected directly from county jails.

November 3rd, 2021

The Biden Administration Plans to Send Thousands of Medically Vulnerable People Back to Federal Prisons. Here’s Why That Would Be a Deadly Mistake.

The Biden administration is set to implement a Trump administration decision to send thousands of medically vulnerable people back to prison. Our new report shows why this would be a public health disaster.

Our generous supporters include:

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